District Profile

Location :

The district Aligarh belongs to the administrative division Agra, U.P. and lies between 27'-29'11" north' latitude and 77'29'-78'26 east longitude. The district Aligarh is bounded by major rivers Ganga and Yamuna, from north east and north west sides, respectively. This district is surrounded by Palwal district of Haryana from north west, Badaun from north east, Bulandshahr in north, Mathura in west to south-east, Hathars in south and Etah in east and south-east. The total geographical area of the district Aligarh is 3691.50 sq.km.

Administrative Division :

District Aligarh is administratively divided into 12 blocks namely (i) Tappal (ii) Chandaus (iii) Jawan (iv) Khair (v) Lodha (vi) Dhanipur (vii) Akrabad (viii) Iglas (ix) Gonda (x) Atrauli (xi) Bijouli and (xii) Gangeri. Sub division wise blocks of the district Aligarh are given in Table 1.

Geomorphology :

In general the entire area is an alluvial plain, with a gentle slope from north-west to south-east. There are several natural depressions apart from those formed by the river valleys and drainage lines. Elevated sand ridges are also found especially in the west of the district Aligarh mostly in Khair and Iglas Tehsils.

District Aligarh is narrower in the north but gets wider in south and eventually passes into the adjoining district of Etah. This tract is characterized by the soil, which apparently looks clayey with imperfect natural drainage and in consequence the landscape is dotted with lakes and is disfigured by salt affected soil patches.

Served by numerous rivers and revulets, the more important being Ganga and Yamuna, few rivers like Karban, Rutba and Kali which pass through the district and remain almost dry except in the rainy season.

Climate and Rainfall :

In general the blocks in the west are drier as compared to those in the east. The temperature rises as high as 45 °C during summer and drops down to as low as 2.0 °C during winter. The mean maximum and minimum temperature of district Aligarh is 26.7 °C and 15.50 °C respectively. Monsoon starts in July and runs to September. The mean annual rainfall of the district is 800 mm, relative humidity 65%, Lang's factor 25.6 mm per °C and Mayer's (NS) quotient 76. Thus, the climate of the district Aligarh is semi arid.

Block wise analysis of district Aligarh.

S.N. Tehsil Block Distance of Block from distt. H.Q. (km) Nearest Railway Station No. of villages
1 Khair Khair 25 Name : Somna
Distance (km) : 15
Inhabited :96
Total : 96
Tappal 53 Name : Khurja junct
Distance (km) : 31
Inhabited :88
Total : 91
2 Gobhana Chandaus 36 Name : Somna
Distance (km) : 14
Inhabited :92
Total : 94
Jawan 17 Name : Harduagang
Distance (km) : 5
Inhabited :109
Total : 110
3 Lodha Chandaus 36 Name : Somna
Distance (km) : 14
Inhabited :92
Total : 94
Dhanipur 17 Name : Harduagang
Distance (km) : 5
Inhabited :109
Total : 110
Akrabad 26 Name : Sikandrarau
Distance (km) : 16
Inhabited :84
Total : 87
4 Iglas Iglas 24 Name : Aligarh
Distance (km) : 24
Inhabited :103
Total : 103
Gonda 25 Name : Aligarh
Distance (km) : 25
Inhabited :83
Total : 83
5 Atrauli Atrauli 28 Name : Atrauli
Distance (km) : 4
Inhabited :113
Total : 116
Bijauli 38 Name : Atrauli
Distance (km) : 16
Inhabited :83
Total : 91
Gangeri 38 Name : Kasgang
Distance (km) : 30
Inhabited :99
Total : 101

Demographic Profile

Population :

The total population of district Aligarh is 36,73,889 as per 2011 census out of which 24,56,698 is rural and 12,17,191 is urban population. Out of the total population 53.13 percent is male and 46.87 per cent is female. The male female ratio in the district is 882. Over the last decade 22.80 percent increase in population has been recorded which is quite alarming. The block wise detail of rural population is given in Table below.

S.N. Name of Block Rural Population %
1 Tappal Total :194252
Male : 103510
Femail:90682
14.46
2 Chandaus Total :186726
Male : 99621
Femail:87105
7.11
3 Khair Total :189350
Male : 100790
Femail:88560
14.06
4 Jawan Total :204891
Male : 108576
Femail:96315
3.07
5 Lodha Total :264568
Male : 140740
Femail:123827
31.86
6 Dhanipur Total :200445
Male : 106734
Femail:93711
14.53
7 Gonda Total :186341
Male : 99875
Femail:86466
11.64
8 Iglas Total :192628
Male : 103013
Femail:89615
24.25
9 Atrauli Total :210787
Male : 111620
Femail:99167
16.52
10 Bijauli Total :185680
Male : 99583
Femail:86097
19.57
11 Gangeri Total :269975
Male : 143696
Femail:126279
18.76
12 Akrabad Total :171056
Male : 91105
Femail:79951
17.94
Total Rural Population Total :2456698
Male : 1308923
Femail:1147775
17.94

Density of Population :

Population density is quite high in the district i.e. 1007 per sq. km. The block wise analysis reveals highest population density of 1218 per sq. km. in block Lodha.

The block wise density of population is given in the following Table.

Block wise population density of the district

S.N. Name of Block Area of Block (sq.km.) Density of Population
1 Tappal 388.8 608
2 Chandaus 318.7 668
3 Khair 321.3 654
4 Jawan 286.0 884
5 Lodha 280.4 1218
6 Dhanipur 253.4 859
7 Gonda 280.7 739
8 Iglas 251.1 875
9 Atrauli 296.7 854
10 Bijauli 244.2 976
11 Gangeri 340.7 921
12 Akrabad 283.7 807
Total 3545.7

Economic Classification :

The block wise economic classification of population in district Aligarh is given in Table 3.4. The economic classification reveals that farmers constitute about 21.71 percent of the total work force followed by 12.68 percent as agricultural labour.

Block wise economic classification of district Aligarh. (2011 census)

Block wise population density of the district

S.N. Name of Block Cultivator (Farmer) Agri. Labour Family Labour Other Worker Marginal Worker Total
1 Tappal 23529 10665 1005 6592 17055 81846
2 Chandaus 19215 10481 3175 13390 19625 65886
3 Khair 20288 9186 1633 11549 16343 59009
4 Jawan 16208 11435 1854 16956 20446 66899
5 Lodha 17027 4256 3284 34800 24875 88242
6 Dhanipur 14813 13011 1876 18356 14620 62676
7 Gonda 19933 10485 1630 9384 21967 63399
8 Iglas 18221 11986 3001 13669 26034 72911
9 Atrauli 20583 13203 2058 12927 20674 69445
10 Bijauli 23247 10188 2391 2448 14715 58989
11 Gangeri 23732 14968 2639 11029 28518 90886
12 Akrabad 17060 12003 2070 9189 14921 55443
Total Rular 243856 135867 26826 169289 239793 815631
Total Urban 8619 13085 22102 246270 68769 358845
Total District 252475 148952 48928 415559 308562 1774476
Percent/strong>

Literacy :

The existing literacy percentage is 67.52 in district Aligarh. The male literacy is 72.97 % while female literacy is 55.68 %. The block wise literacy percentage is given in Table 3.5. The urban and rural literacy differs significantly and comparatively the difference between male and female literacy is less in urban areas than rural areas.

The literacy percentage of male and female population in district Aligarh. (2011 census)

td>Male : 75969
Female : 46416
Total :122385
S.N. Name of Block Literacy Percentage
1 Tappal Male : 71659
Female : 40334
Total :111993
2 Chandaus Male : 70675
Female : 42083
Total :112758
3 Khair Male : 12163
Female : 42259
Total :114422
4 Jawan
5 Lodha Male : 93081
Female : 57029
Total :150110
6 Dhanipur Male : 71427
Female : 43144
Total :114571
7 Gonda Male : 71354
Female : 40656
Total :112010
8 Iglas Male : 72043
Female : 41814
Total :113857
9 Atrauli Male : 76344
Female : 43218
Total :119562
10 Bijauli Male : 57876
Female : 30092
Total :87968
11 Gangeri Male : 84089
Female : 44599
Total :128688
12 Akrabad Male : 59636
Female : 35035
Total :35035
% Rural Male : 876315
Female :506679
Total :1382995
% Urban Male :407064
Female : 302508
Total :709572
% District Male : 77.97
Female : 55.68
Total :66.83